But its promising potential turned into a menace for farmers when the golden apple snail became a prolific pest on rice […] The numbers of Golden Apple snails are increasing and obviously it is still damaging the Philippines farmer’s life. While there is a sufficient level of dissolved oxygen in the water, they will hardly leave the water and will breathe by their gills. Among all of the invasive species in the Philippines, though, the golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata, or the “golden kuhol”) is perhaps the most infamous. The golden apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck) is native to South America. Dispersal of the golden apple snail from its orig-inal introduction to Taiwan 1980. There are indications that they are now invading Australia. It was introduced to farmers in the Philippines in the 1980s from Argentina via Taiwan, and to other countries in Asia, to increase farmers' income and enrich the protein in their diet, and also as an aquarium pet. Easy to rear and fast breeding, the snail's high protein content also apparently made it an ideal supplement to the low-protein diet of the rural poor. The golden apple snail (Pomacea Tcanalicuta), locally known as golden kuhol, was first introduced into Philippine farms in 1983 with the hope of providing additional protein source for dietary improvement of many poor families. The golden apple snail may reach 80 mm in shell height and 120 grams in weight. Asia, Africa (Egypt, South Africa), North and South America, the Caribbean (Dominican Republic), Europe (Spain), Oceania. Common Name. Golden apple snail. Other Pomacea species are similar, e.g., Pomacea maculata.. Distribution. F IG. The Golden Apple Snail is amphibious. To determine the diversity of the P. canaliculata in the Philippines, morphological characterization and protein profiling of golden apple snails collected from eight provinces in the Philippines were conducted. 1. A 1989 introduction of golden apple snails to Hawaii wreaked havoc on the rice and taro fields of the islands. Widespread. But from being a potential food, the unabated proliferation of apple snail populations in rice fields is now widely viewed as an agricultural nuisance. The planting method greatly influences the period of susceptibility to snail damage: wetbed-transplanted 20-day-old seedlings were less damaged than dapog-transplanted 13-day-old seedlings or direct-seeded rice. The blight of golden apple snails continues, however, as snails have spread to Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Hong Kong, southern China, Japan and the Philippines. Golden apple snail is a kind of big problem in the Philippines. It is pretty sure that Golden Apple snails are not necessary, but damaging the rice field. Apple snails were intentionally introduced to the Philippines as an an alternative protein source for the growing Filipino population. The golden apple snail (GAS) was introduced in the Philippines between 1982 and 1984 to supplement sources of food protein of low-income Filipino farmers. Imported from South America via Taiwan in the early 1980s, they were intended to be bred and sold as food items due to their high protein content and rapid reproduction rate. The name has been given to several Pomacea species, due to confused identification.. Scientific Name. Pomacea canaliculata. It is a repeat invasive offender that is spreading in Southeast Asia and elsewhere. Seedlings 30 days old were more tolerant of snail damage than younger seedlings. Photo credit: Nils Carlsson. The golden apple snail was introduced from Florida and Latin America to Taiwan (Province of China) and the Philippines in the early 1980s by private snail farmers hoping to reap big profits exporting snails to Europe. The GAS Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck) is a recently introduced rice pest in Asia. 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