Challenges Facing Transport Infrastructure in the East Africa Community December 2012 In book: Research Networking and Regional Development Policy-Making in the East Africa … Images of thousands of African youth drowning in the Mediterranean, propelled by poverty or conflict at home and lured by the hope of jobs abroad, have fed a misleading narrative that migration from Africa harms rather than helps the continent. Infrastructure development is a key driver for progress across the African continent and a critical enabler for productivity and sustainable economic growth. The DBSA Infrastructure Barometer 2012: Progress in infrastructure development since democracy quantifies the types and levels of water, sanitation, energy and transport services, communication network infrastructure and social infrastructure for education and health care that are available to South Africa’s people. South Africa has a relatively good core network of national economic infrastructure. The World Economic Forum’s most recent survey of investors found the inadequate supply of infrastructure was a major obstacle to doing business in Africa. The challenge is to maintain and expand its electricity, water, transport and communications infrastructure in order to support economic growth and social development goals. There is some concern that the state does not have the institutional or financial capability to implement the investment… There’s a side to the story that numbers cannot tell. "China has recently become a major financier of economic infrastructure," according to a new report from AidData, a development finance research lab based at … DP World said infrastructure development has actually slowed in the region since 2009. Physical infrastructure across much of the continent is a challenge to productivity, according to the African Development Bank. The service began to decline in the 1970s due to a fall in agricultural exports, mismanagement and … It contributes significantly to human development, poverty reduction, and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). South Africa also suffers from the challenge of poor sanitation, accounting for about $2bn of the cost of poor sanitation in Africa. Africa's poor infrastructure is slowing its economic development, says a recent UN report. The key was the belief that the development of infrastructure was the basis for economic growth, which, in turn, created the conditions for poverty reduction -- … It calculates an estimated $130- to $170 billion needs to be invested each year on Africa’s infrastructure, despite a financing gap of as much as $108 billion. The African Development Bank (AfDB) said it would assist the Nigerian government to bridge its infrastructure gap estimated to cost about $3 trillion in the next 26 years. The British colonial government completed Nigeria’s first rail infrastructure more than 100 years ago to aid the movement of agricultural goods from the northern region to the ports in the south. The South African Reserve Bank estimated that with our current economic infrastructure, the economy’s potential for growth is probably capped at around 3.5%, which is clearly insufficient if we are to adequately address unemployment, inequality or widespread poverty. Without Foreign investment, however, is helping fill in some of the gaps. Investment in infrastructure accounts for over half of the recent improvement in