A number of medical conditions or circumstances can lead to low sodium levels including: Adrenal gland disease Burns Certain medications such as diuretics Cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver Congestive heart failure Dehydration (loss of body fluids and … … In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted. Kengne FG, et al. If you think your sodium levels are low, it's best to get them checked by your health-care provider. Signs and Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency - Advertisement - Low sodium levels may lead to excess water retention in the tissues, causing them to swell. Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019 Information about hyponatremia (low sodium) blood levels. At first, people become sluggish and confused, and if hyponatremia worsens, they may have muscle twitches and seizures and become progressively unresponsive. A headache is defined as pain that occurs anywhere in the head or neck and can be the result of low sodium levels. Hyponatremia occurs when the concentration of sodium in your blood is abnormally low. At first, you can experience fatigue, headache, irritability, appetite loss, muscle weakness, muscle spasms and nausea. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Irritability 5. Symptoms can be absent, mild or severe. Symptoms usually appear when your level of sodium suddenly rises or drops. It usually happens when people drink too much during endurance events like marathons or triathlons, and also lose sodium through their sweat. Symptoms Some high-sodium cheeses; Processed meats (this includes deli meats, ham, bacon, sausage or cured meats). Be on the lookout for symptoms of low sodium levels, such as a feeling of disorientation, muscle weakness, headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, or confusion. You may not have any symptoms if your hyponatremia is very mild. In acute there is usually a sudden fall in blood sodium levels (over hours), whereas a chronic fall occurs over days to weeks. Low Sodium Symptoms If low sodium is not corrected, you will experience symptoms that may progress to severe. This can be done with a simple blood test. Conclusion. If low sodium is not corrected, you will experience symptoms that may progress to severe. Severe - drowsiness and fits (seizures). Treatment The good news is that there are several treatment options available for hyponatremia—the choice of which treatment is most appropriate for you will be decided by identifying the cause and severity of the condition. What are the signs and symptoms of hyponatremia? If your thyroid hormone is too low, it can also affect your sodium level. Low sodium blood levels may be caused by excess fluid in the body relative to a normal amount of sodium, or it may be due to a loss of sodium and body fluid caused by chronic conditions like kidney failure or congestive heart failure . It can dilute the amount of sodium in your blood. Symptom #2: Headache. You may not have any symptoms if your hyponatremia is very mild. Low sodium in dog causes and types. You might not notice any physical symptoms. Neurological symptoms like your dog being less alert, disoriented, confused, reduced muscle strength, tremors, seizures, and coma. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells. Your sodium … The treatment for critically low sodium levels usually includes reducing the fluid intake, treating the symptoms themselves, and adjusting the dosage of diuretics or any other medications that might be causing the symptoms in the first place. Many factors can cause low blood sodium. Water pills (diuretics) and some antidepressants and pain medications can make you pee or sweat more. You may not have any symptoms, unless your blood sodium levels are significantly decreased. You need to recognize that the symptoms of hyponatremia, appropriate blood testing and timely treatment all play a role in the approach to sodium imbalance. Since so many different things can cause hyponatremia, your treatment depends on the cause. Increased risk of death from heart failure. Oct 20, 2018. Accessed April 6, 2018. The following measures may help you prevent hyponatremia: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. And a condition called Addison’s disease can affect the hormones that help keep your electrolytes in check. And routine tests don't check for potassium deficiency. When sodium levels drop slowly, the condition is called chronic hyponatremia and patients may experience nausea, vomiting, headache and confusion. The human body needs sodium and potassium to remain healthy. It is not typically standard to check urine, but if you have signs of low sodium, you may have this checked as well. Treatment to raise sodium levels depends on the cause and symptoms. Low Blood Sodium (Hyponatremia) Symptoms of low sodium in blood. National Kidney Foundation. Your doctor will be able to tell you whether your level is too low. Sodium is an essential nutrient that regulates blood pressure as well as blood volume in the human body normal function of the nervous system. Treatment to raise sodium levels depends on the cause and symptoms. Here are some general rules that will make it easier for you to follow a low sodium diet: Keep track of your sodium intake at each meal. Symptoms result from brain dysfunction. The causes of low sodium levels in the blood include certain medications, kidney, heart or liver problems, and chronic and severe vomiting or diarrhea, explains Mayo Clinic. It therefore does not clearly indicate a problem with sodium. Symptom #2: Headache. Hormone imbalances. In extreme cases, when sodium levels are very low, coma and even death may result. But they’ll need to see your test results to make sure you have hyponatremia. In many cases, blood sodium levels fall gradually, producing only mild symptoms as the body has time to make adjustments. Sodium is an essential mineral—your body needs it and can't make it—so the only way to get it is through your food or by intravenous (IV) infusion in an emergency situation. It helps maintain normal blood pressure, supports the work of your nerves and muscles, and regulates your body's fluid balance. In: Conn's Current Therapy 2017. If you consume very high amounts of hydrating foods plus water, but … It therefore does not clearly indicate a problem with sodium. Hyponatremia (low blood sodium) is a condition that means you don’t have enough sodium in your blood. Accessed April 6, 2018. Your doctor will routinely check your neurological abilities and blood pressure on any medical visit. Other medical conditions and factors that can cause sodium levels to fall include: diarrhea or vomiting. Because of the low sodium, the amount of water in your body rises and causes your cells to swell. Low sodium levels in the blood may start with nausea and vomiting. Hypokalemia and hyponatremia have many causes. Heart failure is when the heart is not able to pump enough … But at any age, you’re more likely to get it if you have certain conditions, including: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), Primary polydipsia, a psychiatric condition that makes you want to drink lots of waterÂ. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/electrolyte-disorders/hyponatremia. There are many types of headaches such as tension, migraines, cluster, and more. But with acute hyponatremia, your sodium levels drop very quickly. Low sodium levels, or hyponatremia, occur in a wide variety of medical disorders including cancer. The symptoms and severity of hyponatraemia depend on the following two factors: The level of the blood sodium. Balancing Your Fluid Intake and Output Limit your water intake to 1–1.5 L (34–51 fl oz) per day if … Hyponatremia occurs when the sodium in your blood falls below 135 mEq/L. As the swelling progresses, additional symptoms might include hallucinations, loss of consciousness and coma. The signs and symptoms of low sodium levels are non-specific meaning it is not unique to the this condition. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Hyponatremia. Symptoms of low blood sodium can vary from person to person. If you drink too much water when you do something that’s physically very hard -- like a marathon -- you may be more likely to develop hyponatremia. Sodium plays a key role in your body. This can cause mild symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to rapid brain swelling and death. mental changes, headache, nausea and. Anorexia and certain meds can also cause a sodium imbalance. Death; Some symptoms may be of the underlying disease and conditions that cause hyponatremia. Know the symptoms of hyponatremia. © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. Hyponatremia signs and symptoms may include: Seek emergency care for anyone who develops severe signs and symptoms of hyponatremia, such as nausea and vomiting, confusion, seizures, or lost consciousness. Advertisement. Human beings consume sodium in the form of sodium chloride. Muscle cramps 6. Nausea; Signs and symptoms of hyponatremia can include altered personality, lethargy and confusion. : Aim for no more than 2,000mg in a single day. A condition called SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone) can make you retain water. If your doctor thinks you drink too much water, you may need to cut back. The presence of symptoms is noticed with abrupt changes in your sodium level. Severe hyponatremia can lead to coma and can be fatal. Causes, diagnosis, and treatment are included in … Call your doctor if you know you are at risk of hyponatremia and are experiencing nausea, headaches, cramping or weakness. Medical Expert. Generally, low sodium is asymptomatic (does not produce symptoms), when it is mild or related to your diet. Mild symptoms include a decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, and poor balance. At first, you can experience fatigue, headache, irritability, appetite loss, muscle weakness, muscle spasms and nausea. Sodium is essential for proper functioning of bodily systems. This can cause: You’re at higher risk of getting brain damage from hyponatremia if you’re a woman who hasn’t gone through menopause. The scientific name of common salt is sodium chloride. If you experience any of these signals and can't figure out what's behind them, ask your health care provider to check your potassium levels. Hyponatremia (low blood sodium) is a condition that means you don’t have enough sodium in your blood. If your hyponatremia came on suddenly and it’s severe, you’ll need emergency treatment to boost your sodium level and monitoring to make sure that it happens safely. There may also be headache, fatigue lethargy, irritability and loss of appetite. If the sodium concentration drops quickly to critical levels, seizures, coma, and death may occur. Hyponatremia and the brain. Low blood sodium in older adults: A concern? You’re probably getting enough water if you don’t feel thirsty and your urine is a pale yellow color. Low sodium levels, or hyponatremia, can lead to confusion, a coma or even death. This may be related to the effect of women's sex hormones on the body's ability to balance sodium levels. The symptoms of sodium depletion, which is called hyponatremia, include confusion, diarrhea, difficulty concentrating, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, lethargy, mood changes, muscle cramps and spasms, nausea and vomiting. However, for severe sodium deficiency, an aggressive sodium deficiency treatment is a must. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? But if you’re not working out really hard or for a long period of time, you might not need them. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Symptoms of Low Sodium Levels. If there is an underlying cause, the focus of the treatment would be to eliminate it, and with that, balance the sodium levels in the body as well. Its symptoms vary from person to person and can be mild or more severe. My sister’s level was 115, low sodium, and she’s had 10 seizures so far from hyponatremia. Low Sodium Levels Symptoms: Causes And Treatment For Hyponatremia. Hyponatremia, or low blood sodium, can be a dangerous and even deadly condition. It can also happen if you take the drugs that make the condition more likely. Hyponatremia is present when levels drop below 135 mEq/L. https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/hyponatremia. Then she stopped using the nicotine patch, and this is when they found out she had low sodium level that was causing her seizures. It is generally defined as a sodium concentration of less than 135 mmol/L (135 mEq/L), with severe hyponatremia being below 120 mEq/L. To establish that low sodium levels are the cause of your symptoms, your healthcare provider will likely order both blood and urine tests. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 18, 2018. A condition called SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone) can make you retain water. These two electrolytes have many functions including maintaining nerve and muscle function. In acute hyponatremia, sodium levels drop rapidly — resulting in potentially dangerous effects, such as rapid brain swelling, which can result in a coma and death. Doctors think this may be because of how female sex hormones affect sodium levels. Â. 2018;3:24. These drinks have electrolytes that include sodium. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. You need some sodium in your bloodstream to control how much water is in and around the cells in your body. An eight-ounce glass of the popular V8 brand may contain up to 500 milligrams of sodium, so be mindful of your daily intake. Bouts of chronic, severe diarrhea or vomiting can deplete your body of fluids and sodium.Â. heart failure. Slightly disoriented. Premenopausal women appear to be at the greatest risk of hyponatremia-related brain damage. Symptoms of low sodium may include:2 1. If your sodium levels have declined gradually, you may not notice any symptoms of hyponatremia. 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