NET ©: the water coming downstream toward them stopped flowing. Adam — The city of Adam, being more obscure, is described by its nearness to a more known place, then eminent, but now unknown. The first time He was referring to the courage necessary to complete the task of conquering the land and dividing it among the tribes (v. 6). The meaning is, that the waters were stopped in their course at that place, and so kept at a distance from the Israelites while they passed over. stood and rose up upon an heap; they stopped their current, and as the water came down they rose up on high, and made one vast heap of waters: very far from the city of Adam, that is, beside Zaretan; the Cetib, or textual reading, is, "in Adam the city"; we follow the marginal reading, "from Adam": both readings, as is usually, if not always the case, are to be received; and the meaning is, that this heap of waters, though the river was at a considerable distance from Adam; yet through the overflow of it, it reached to, and was "in Adam": this city was in Perea, on the other side Jordan, that side on which the Israelites were before their passage; and Zaretan, which is supposed to be the same with Zartanah, and Zarthan, 1 Kings 4:12, was on this side, in the tribe of Manasseh; and the sense is, not that Adam was on the side of Zaretan, or near it, for it was on the other side of the river; and according to the Talmudists (a) was twelve miles from it; but the construction is with the word "heap", "which heap was on the side of Zaretan"; it was there where the waters were heaped up; it seems as if they reached on the one side to Adam, and on the other side to Zaretan: and those that came down towards the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off; those waters, which were below where the priests' feet rested, ran down into the lake Asphaltites, where Sodom and Gomorrah formerly stood, the sea of the plain, or vale of Siddim, Genesis 14:3; sometimes called the dead sea, and here the salt sea, its water being exceeding salt; so, Mr. Maundrell, the above mentioned traveller (b) testifies on his own knowledge;"the water of the lake (the lake Asphaltites, or dead sea, says he) was very limpid, and salt to the highest degree; and not only salt, but also extreme bitter and nauseous;''. Joshua 3:16. Bible > Joshua > Chapter 3 > Verse 16 4 Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams’ horns in front of the ark. It is, however, probably connected with the modern Kurn Sartabeh (Horn of Sartabeh), the name given to a lofty and isolated hill some 17 miles on the river above Jericho. Joshua 6:3-5 New International Version (NIV). Adam — The city of Adam, being more obscure, is described by its nearness to a more known place, then eminent, but now unknown. Admonition to Be Courageous Joshua 1:6-9. (1-6) The Lord encourages joshua-Joshua encourages the people. 1:10, 11 after three days, that the officers went through the camp; 3 and they commanded the people, saying, # Num. I will make of you a great nation. ( B) into the Sea of the Arabah, ( C) the Salt Sea, failed, and were cut off; and the people crossed over opposite Jericho. Salem Media Group. All rights reserved. Joshua therefore foretold, that when God drove back the river it would be as if He had stretched out His hand to strike all the inhabitants of the land, and that the proof which He gave of His power in their crossing the Jordan would be a certain presage of victory, to be gained over all the tribes."). Joshua 3:16. 33:48,49,50). 2:1 from Acacia Grove and came to the Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they crossed over. Joshua 3:16. It has also been called the "Gospel in a nutshell", because it is considered a summary of the central theme of traditional Christianity:. This word is a combination of Ya, an abbreviation for Yahweh, the name of Israel’s God (Exodus 3:14); and the verb yasha, meaning “rescue,” “deliver,” or “save.” The English spelling of the Hebrew Yeshua is Joshua. And he was the one whom God chose to lead His people into the land of Canaan, four hundred years after it had been promised to their forefathers: Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. (a) T. Hieros. Below the miraculous dam the channel ran dry to the Dead Sea.} This is basically the geographical area known as the Plains of Moab (cf. They must be servants, but any work becomes honourable, when it is done for the house of the Lord, and the offices thereof. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 2 So it was, # Josh. So the people crossed opposite Jericho. “That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up upon an heap very far from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off: and the people passed … Joshua 3:17 Meaning; JOSHUA 4Verses in the Bible. The meaning is, that the waters were stopped in their course at that place, and so kept at a distance from the Israelites while they passed over. 7. Against Jericho - Here God carried them over, because this part was, The strongest, as having in its neighbourhood an eminent city, a potent king, and a stout and war - like people. the waters which came down from above—that is, the Sea of Galileestood and rose up upon a heap—"in a heap," a firm, compact barrier (Ex 15:8; Ps 78:13);very far—high up the stream;from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan—near mount Sartabeh, in the northern part of the Ghor (1Ki 7:46); that is, a distance of thirty miles from the Israelitish encampment; andthose that came down toward the sea of the desert—the Dead Sea—were cut off (Ps 114:2, 3). stood and rose up upon a heap—"in a heap," a firm, compact barrier (Ex 15:8; Ps 78:13); from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan—near mount Sartabeh, in the northern part of the Ghor (1Ki 7:46); that is, a distance of thirty miles from the Israelitish encampment; and. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Wesley's Notes for Joshua 3:16. (a) T. Hieros. 16 that the waters which came down from upstream stood still, and rose in a heap very far away [ a]at Adam, the city that is beside. Joshua 3:16, ESV: "the waters coming down from above stood and rose up in a heap very far away, at Adam, the city that is beside Zarethan, and those flowing down toward the Sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, were completely cut off. That the waters which came down from above Above where the priests' feet rested, and which came down from Mount Lebanon, and the fountains of Jordan northward: stood [and] rose up upon an heap; they stopped their current, and as the water came down they rose up on high, and made one vast heap of waters: very far from the city of Adam, that is, beside Zaretan; the Cetib, or textual reading, is, "in Adam the city"; we follow the marginal reading, "from Adam": both readings, as is usually, if not always the case, are to be received; and the meaning is, that this heap of waters, though the river was at a considerable distance from Adam; yet through the overflow of it, it reached to, and was "in Adam": this city was in Perea, on the other side Jordan, that side on which the Israelites were before their passage; and Zaretan, which is supposed to be the same with Zartanah, and Zarthan, ( 1 Kings 4:12 ) ( 7:46 ) , was on this side, in the tribe of Manasseh; and the sense is, not that Adam was on the side of Zaretan, or near it, for it was on the other side of the river; and according to the Talmudists F1 was twelve miles from it; but the construction is with the word "heap", "which [heap] was on the side of Zaretan"; it was there where the waters were heaped up; it seems as if they reached on the one side to Adam, and on the other side to Zaretan: and those that came down towards the sea of the plain, [even] the salt sea, failed, [and] were cut off; those waters, which were below where the priests' feet rested, ran down into the lake Asphaltites, where Sodom and Gomorrah formerly stood, the sea of the plain, or vale of Siddim, ( Genesis 14:3 ) ; sometimes called the dead sea, and here the salt sea, its water being exceeding salt; so, Mr. Maundrell, the above mentioned traveller F2 testifies on his own knowledge; Proud member That is, write out what the passage meant for the biblical audience. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary16. The most pleasant and fruitful, and therefore more convenient both for the refreshment of the Israelites after their long and tedious marches, and for their encouragement to their present expedition. Jarchi and Kimchi say it is the same with Bahurim (2 Samuel 3:16). This passage over Jordan, as an entrance to Canaan, after their long, weary wanderings in the wilderness, shadowed out the believer's passage through death to heaven, after he has finished his wanderings in this sinful world. 2 And Joshua the son of Nun x sent 1 two men secretly from Shittim as spies, saying, “Go, view the land, especially Jericho.” And they went and came into the house of y a prostitute whose name was z Rahab and lodged there. Joshua 3:16 NIV the water from upstream stopped flowing. When swollen "in time of harvest," it flows with a vastly accelerated current. That the waters which came down from above. For they would either easily fall, through being entangled in difficulties and in an unknown region, or they would perish through want. The meaning is, that the waters were stopped in their course at that place, and so kept at a distance from the Israelites while they passed over. Sotah, fol. Jesus, typified by the ark, hath gone before, and he crossed the river when it most flooded the country around. Let us treasure up experiences of His faithful and tender care, that they may help our faith and hope in the last conflict.Barnes' Notes on the BibleThe passage should run "rose up, an heap far away, by Adam, the city which is beside Zarthan. The context for this text begins with the call of Abram. has also disappeared. 2d, The most pleasant and fruitful, and therefore more convenient both for the refreshment of the Israelites after their long and tedious marches, and for their encouragement.Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary3:14-17 Jordan overflowed all its banks. . הַיֹּֽרְדִ֨ים. of So they took up the ark of the covenant and went ahead of the people. Through being entangled in difficulties and in an unknown region, or they would either fall... Bahurim ( 2 Samuel 3:16 ) Joshua 1 to the Dead Sea. immediately his. Is, write out what the passage meant for the biblical audience into one or two sentences them,! Burning like a furnace, and his kindness to Israel paul exhorted the Ephesians to Admonition to be Courageous 1:6-9! It most flooded the country around the day is coming, burning like furnace... 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