From the 1960s on, the application of technology to medical science research began to allow physicians and scientists to study things that just a few years before, we didn't know existed, and had no way of discovering. Youyou has no postgraduate degree, and is not a member of any of the prestigious Chinese academies. These scientists also work to investigate methods of disease prevention through drugs and vaccination. Gurdon is a developmental biologist who pioneered research in cloning and nuclear transplantation. Berkeley. He studied at Johns Hopkins University, Hamilton College, and Cambridge, and is current the Vincent Astor Professor at Rockefeller University. It became the primary medical diagnostic tool. Computer program guided by artificial intelligence says it knows. Edelman discovered that antibodies evolve to better meet the needs of our bodies as we age, and drew correlations between that evolution and the evolution of the human brain throughout life. Ignarro studied at Columbia and the University of Minnesota and is currently professor of pharmacology at UCLA. His early research collaborations at the National Institutes of Health lead to an increased understanding of the cardiovascular system in the medical community. The focus of his research has been on the molecular foundation of thalassemias, and the application of that knowledge to controlling the disorders. His discoveries have led to the development of many medicines including nutritional supplements that improve cardiovascular health, and Viagra. He has also held positions at Vanderbilt and Yale. Here's our alphabetical list of the top 100 or so most popular scientists on the Famous Scientists website, ordered by surname. Watson studied at the University of Chicago and Indiana University. In 2009 Gurdon received a Lasker Award, and in 2012 he and Shinya Yaminaka were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering that mature cells can be converted into stem cells. He also is the director of the National Cancer Institute, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. The most famous physician was Al-Ḥariṯ ben-Kalada aṯ-Ṯaqafī, who lived at the same time as the prophet. He also performed the first liver, heart, and lungs transplant in the 1980s, the first intestinal transplant in England in the 1990s, and the first combined transplant of stomach, liver, kidneys, and pancreas in 1994. Rankings of the Best MS in Healthcare Administration Programs. The main purpose of medical research is to search for newer methods of improving healthcare available to human beings which culminates in the development of better medicines and treatment procedures. Discovered Carbon and Chlorine.Edward Jenner (1749 – 1823) English pioneer of smallpox vaccine. Advertisements. Szostak received a Nobel Prize in 2009 which he shared with Elizabeth Blackburn for their co-discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres. He reportedly had a conversation once with Khosrow I Anushirvan about medical topics. and those who brought in new medicine and techniques which helped save millions of lives. Weatherall received a Lasker Award for his long career devoted to the advancement of biomedical science and bioethics. This is still sworn on graduating medical school in some areas (in an updated form). Upon graduation he went on to work with prestigious organizations like the Salk Institute, and the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry. A graduate of Ursinus College and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Gerald Edelman has been responsible for major discoveries regarding the structure of antibodies. The following content about renowned American scientists for kids should prove to be informative. Inventor. Youyou attended Beijing Medical College. Famous Physicians and Medical Scientists. thanksa lot we have to do a report on a famous scientist and this was a lot of help. Horwich received a Lasker Award for his discoveries regarding protein folding. Clara says. The younger of the two brothers who would invent the airplane and start the aerial age, he outlived his brother Wilbur by 36 years. Science › Famous scientists › Quiz. By Dalmeet Singh Chawla Oct. 17, 2017 , 4:20 PM. In studying the chromosome and its protective substance, it was discovered that humans age as the substance deteriorates, and there are certain circumstances that cause the substance to deteriorate more rapidly. By studying human diseases and their underlying causes, scientists are able to develop newer drugs or improve existing treatment procedures. Horwich entered a program at Brown that was one of the first to combine the earning of a bachelor degree and medical degree. The understanding that flows from her research has given medical researchers a greater understanding of aging. Genetically modified mice have since become a tool crucial to medical research. Torsten Weisel studied at the Karolinska Institute, a Stockholm medical university. Oswald Avery 1877 – 1955. Agricultural Scientists Astrobiologists Astronomers Astrophysicists Bacteriologists Biochemists Biologists Biophysicists Botanists Chemists Computer Scientists Geneticists Geologists Immunologists Inorganic Chemists Mathematicians Meteorologists Microbiologists Molecular Biologists Neuroscientists Organic Chemists Ornithologists Paleontologists Pathologists Pharmacologists Physical Chemists … Paget was born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, on 11 th January 1814. In 2004 the Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK was renamed The Gurdon Institute. She was born to an upper class British family, and was highly educated. Varmus, who attended Amherst College, Harvard University, and Columbia University, is one of three co-chairs of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Weatherall graduated with his medical degree from the University of Liverpool and has worked with the Institute of Molecular Medicine at Oxford, been a member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics, and written important works for the World Health Organisation. Maniatis is a biotech pioneer and has been involved with some of the largest biotech firms in the world, including co-founding the Genetics Institute. Thus, in this article, we focus on scientists in the biological, medical, and physical sciences as well as those concerned with technology and especially computers. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. is a prominent researcher in molecular genetics, haematology, and pathology. He is one of the leading experts worldwide on thalassemias, blood disorders that cause anemia and other complications. Albert Einstein (1879-1955) may have revolutionized scientific thought, but what made the public adore him was his down-to-earth sense of humor. His discoveries opened the door for the treatment of childhood cataracts and Strabismus. This Canadian researcher studied at McGill University and Cornell. © 2020 TopMastersinHealthcare.com, a Red Ventures Company, Top Master's in Healthcare Administration. Who’s the most influential biomedical scientist? Hunt studied at the University of Cambridge, where he later taught, is a fellow of the Royal Society, and worked with Cancer Research UK. Famous Doctor Rene Laennec Rene Laennec, 1781 – 1826 was a famous French doctor and physician who invented the stethoscope, used for auscultation, that is, listening to the sounds in the lungs and heart. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. Brenner and George Pieczenik were the first to utilize computer analysis to study nucleic acids. Doctors of today still rely on his invention. Browse this section to explore biographies and timelines about the life and works of various famous medical scientists from all over the world. He pioneered the practice of protein folding and his discoveries in that field have been applied across the discipline of genetics ever since. Throughout his career he has worked at King's College at Cambridge, the Molecular Sciences Institute, the University of Watersrand, and U.C. Greengard shared a Nobel Prize in the year 2000 for discoveries that furthered our knowledge of signal transduction in the nervous system. Ferrara is a molecular biologist that specializes in cancer research. Discovered that DNA passes heredity instructions through successive generations of organisms – it carries the chemical code of life, as revealed by the Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment. 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One of the foremost cancer researchers in the world, Varmus was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1989 for his discovery of the cellular origins of retroviral oncogenes which has been instrumental in the fight against cancer. The infographic, designed by Study Medicine Europe, starts out with Edward Jenner, who’s otherwise known as the “Father of Immunology.” Jenner developed the first vaccine in the world, which was used against smallpox. They study the various diseases that afflict human beings, their causes, and how they can be prevented and treated. Physicians famous for their role in advancement of medicine. January 3, 2014 at 9:53 pm . The award-winning doctor is the founder and CEO of 'Dental Plus California' and has been a leading figure in the American medical arena. Nina Gray is an American entrepreneur, dentist, and social-media influencer. Theodoric Borgognoni (1205-1296) was an Italian Dominican friar and Bishop of Cervia who promoted the uses of … Ferrara's Lasker Award, however, was given for a different application of his research that led to an effective treatment of age related wet macular degeneration. Nobel Prize and Lasker Award winners, these scientists are responsible for discovering things that have saved millions of lives, and have the potential to save even more. Blackburn earned her degrees from the University of Melbourne and Darwin College at Cambridge. They basically work in research institutions, clinics, hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Lomonosov made many discoveries in various fields: he is regarded as the first to discover the law of mass conservation (1760) and to establish mechanistic caloric theory and the chemistry of minerals and glass. Known for making short quips, Einstein was the people's scientist. The findings of their research are published in scientific papers in order to disseminate their results to others. New breakthroughs in the field of medicine that has the potential to save thousands of lives each year is the result of extensive medical research. Sheetz is a cell biologist at Columbia University and was the founding director of the Mechanobiology Institute of the National University of Singapore. Florence nightingale. But who were … Jenner’s breakthrough also enabled many other vaccines t… Horwich is a biologist and the current Eugene Higgins Professor of Genetics and Pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine. Medical scientists may conduct research in laboratories, or work directly with patients in trial procedures to analyze how they respond to certain treatments. Scientific discoveries over the centuries have helped shape the way we live today. This British Biologist shared a Nobel Prize in 2002. Over the centuries, there have been countless scientists and intellectuals whose efforts have kept the wheels of progress turning. Ancient World Physicians Imhotep (2650-2600 BC), ancient Egyptian polymath: considered to be the first physician in ancient world - he described diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. Inventions that changed the world – Famous inventions that made a great difference to the progress of the world, including aluminum, the telephone and the printing press. William Harvey (1578-1657) - Blood circulation (discovered) in 1628 (published) Frederick Hopkins (1861-1947) & contemporaries - Vitamins in 1900’s; discovered the amino acid tryptophan in 1901. She … Bettmann Archive/Getty Images. This Chinese medical scientist and pharmaceutical chemist received a Lasker award for discoveries of artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin which are used to treat malaria. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History. Medical research adds to the existing base of scientific knowledge on health and medicine through experimentation. They study the various diseases that afflict human beings, their causes, and how they can be prevented and treated. Mind, Body & Jazz:How Jazz Can Improve Your Health. Despite being one of the most brilliant men of the 20th century, Einstein appeared approachable, partly because he always had uncombed hair, … List Of Famous Medical Scientists. Evans also pioneered gene targeting for the purpose of genetic engineering in mice. This website … Sir Martin Evans is a British developmental biologist and was the first recorded scientist to culture the embryonic stem cells of mice and cultivate them in a lab, an act that has earned him the moniker "stem cell architect." He also is credited with constructing the world's first artificial yeast chromosome, and he was instrumental in the successes of the Human Genome Project. Florence Nightingale is possibly the most famous nurse in history, she is known as “the Lady with the Lamp”. Evans, who studied at Christ's College at Cambridge and University College London, was awarded a Lasker Award in 2001 and the Nobel Prize in 2007. Szostak is now a Professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School. Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. Charles Babbage (1791 – 1871) – English inventor of the first mechanical computers. Paul Greengard. His work moved our understanding of the reproduction of cancer cells, moving research on cancer forward. Watson and his colleagues made this discovery while working at Oxford. Greengard shared a Nobel Prize in the year 2000 for discoveries that furthered our knowledge of signal transduction in the nervous system. An outstanding medical life. Physicians during the early years of Islam People who made a difference in health care – the doctors, nurses, research scientists, nutritionists. Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist, who despite being afflicted motor neurone disease that severely limited his physical abilities, was able to build a phenomenally successful career. Sheetz earned his bachelor's degree at Albion College and his Ph.D. at the California Institute of Technology. He was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Sheetz is a recipient of both the Wiley Prize in Biomedical Science, which recognizes outstanding research that advances our knowledge of biological systems and processes, and a Lasker Award for discoveries concerning cytoskeletal motor proteins. Watson was appointed head of the Human Genome Project in 1990, and was an early advocate against the practice of patenting human genes and DNA. He is a Genentech Fellow in Tumor Biology and Angiogenesis. The 19th century America saw the birth of great inventors like Robert Fulton, Samuel Morse, Eli Whitney, Cyrus McCormick, and Thomas Alva Edison, whose works in diverse fields contributed immensely to the nation’s growth and development. An American neurologist, Greengard's significant contributions to the medical field are his discoveries regarding the molecular and cellular functions of neurons. Medical research adds to the existing base of scientific knowledge on health and medicine through experimentation. Here’s our alphabetical list of the most popular biologists, or contributors to biology, health & medicine on the Famous Scientists website, ordered by surname. November 16, 2013 at 12:57 pm. 10 Famous Scientists and Their Discoveries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Indira Nath (born 14 January 1938) is an Indian immunologist. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site. He has written five major works on the implications of his research into the health properties of Nitric Oxide. This British biochemist shared a Nobel Prize in 2001 for discovering protein molecules that control the division of cells, leading to a much greater understanding of cell reproduction in living organisms. Countless original thinkers and groundbreaking clinicians have helped to lay the foundation for medical practice as we know it today. It is estimated that her discoveries have saved millions of lives. James Paget was undoubtedly one of the most notable figures in medical history, and his lifetime work and legacy proved an inspiration to future generations of doctors. This doctor pioneered organ transplantation, and performed the first liver transplant operation in Europe in the 1960s. The facts that are known about her are often shrouded in exaggeration and legend. This South African biologist contributed greatly to efforts to understand the genetic code. He has taught at Cardiff University, Christ's College at Cambridge, and University College London. This list consists of a diverse array of living titans in the medical research field. The list is diverse, featuring scientists from all corners of the field, and the globe, who have made and are making significant medical advancements. Before receiving the Lasker Award in 2011 she had been almost completely forgotten by the world; but the impact of her work has only grown. He earned degrees from the University of Watersrand, and Oxford, and was a postdoctoral fellow at U.C. Babbage is considered the ‘father of computers’ for his pioneering work on mechanical computers.Michael Faraday (1791 – 1867) – English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, electrolysis and electrochemistry. This American professor of cellular and molecular biology studied at the University of Colorado, Vanderbilt and holds several honorary degrees. TopMastersInHealthcare.com is an advertising-supported site. This American medical researcher and pharmacologist was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of an uneducated carpenter. Without pioneering scientists working towards cures for diseases, new inventions, and better ways to do things, life today would be different. Ferrara earned his medical degree from the University of Catania, Italy. By studying human diseases and their underlying causes, scientists are able to … His discoveries haven't been limited to the one for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize. Famous Scientists, Medical and Inventors Graves Orville Wright. Sulston's primary research has been in human genetics and he has worked with some of the most prestigious organizations in the world including the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, on top of having taught at Cambridge and the University of Manchester. Alternatively, if you're looking Home: Projects: Experiments: Warning! She was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery. Her major contribution in medical science deals with mechanisms underlying immune unresponsiveness in man, reactions and nerve damage in leprosy and a search for markers for viability of the Leprosy bacillus. Gurdon studied at and worked for Christ Church, Oxford, and has worked for Cambridge, and the California Institute of Technology. Healthcare has seen huge leaps in advancements over the last century. More from FamousScientists.org: Rachel Carson; Jane Goodall; Rosalind Franklin; Francis Crick; Comments. Hunt discovered two proteins that help regulate the transition of cells from one form to another. 1820-1910. Khloé Kardashian. Biographies of Notable Scientists in Life Sciences. Born on 17 th January, 1706, Benjamin Franklin mainly worked in the field of physics. Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. On Planet Mental Health Day , we look at the growing legion of famous guys who are encouraging blokes to be open about their feelings and mental well being. Wiesel was also awarded the National Medal of Science in 2005, and the Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cordon, one of the highest honors bestowed by the nation of Japan. Dr Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) - Developed the “law of similars” into a practical medical philosophy & Created Homeopathy. 2. Majority of Medical Laboratory Scientists are generalists which means skilled in all areas of the clinical of laboratory. Famous physicists – A list of the greatest physicists throughout history – including Galileo, Sir Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr and Stephen Hawking. As a society, we have come to take the fruits of science for granted, such as our use of computers, our access to running water and electricity, and our dependence on various forms of transportation and communication. Famous scientists quiz. Me says. Berkeley. Is History Repeating Itself with Obamacare? His discoveries regarding sensory processing moved the medical field and our understanding of the workings of the human body forward by leaps and bounds. Famous nurses – Famous nurses, such as Dorothea Dix, Clara Barton, Lillian Wald and Margaret Sanger. In this ScienceStruck article, we pay homage to ten of the most famous scientists ever, along with their important contributions to … Famous Scientists . This is sometimes achieved through the use of model systems that are homologous to various aspects of human biology. Doctor Feel-Bad: Why Are So Many Doctors Miserable? An American neurologist, Greengard's significant contributions to the medical field are his discoveries regarding the molecular and cellular functions of neurons. This Australian microbiology and immunology researcher co-discovered an enzyme that protects chromosomes. 10) Vitamins – The discovery of vitamins by Frederick Hopkins and contemporaries, accomplished through feeding studies using animals at the start of the 1900s, led to a far better understanding of nutrient and helped to prevent many illnesses and … This molecular biologist and geneticist shared the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with 2 others for their discoveries of the molecular structure of nucleic acids, or, the double helix, and the structure's significance regarding the transfer of information in live organisms. Short profiles of famous American scientists are presented in this article. Even though some are specialists. Lomonosov is the founder of Russia's first classical university – Moscow State University (1755). Szostak also received a Lasker Award (2006), Genetics Society of America Medal, and a Dr. A.H. Heineken Prize (2008). Edelman was awarded a Nobel Prize for his antibody research, and is the founder and director of non-profit organization "The Neurosciences Institute.". John Sulston is a graduate of Pembroke College at Cambridge. German biologist who received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1991. In 1998 Ignarro was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the signalling properties of nitric oxide. This British M.D. This Swedish medical researcher was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1981 for discoveries regarding the processing of information by the visual system. Nina has contributed to a … He is supposed to have been in touch with the Academy of Gondishapur, perhaps he was even trained there. Benjamin Franklin. He is well known for the preparation, Aurea Alexandrina. He received a Lasker Award in 2012 for pioneering transplant medical procedures that have been responsible for saving thousands of lives. He was awarded the Lasker-Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science along with Donald D. Brown for their numerous discoveries that have advanced the field of biomedical science. Biomedical Scientists along with scientists in other inter-related medical disciplines seek out to understand human anatomy, genetics, immunology, physiology and behaviour at all levels. On this site was born in Brooklyn, new inventions, and Viagra it is that! In molecular Genetics, haematology, and better ways to do a on... Current the Vincent Astor Professor at Rockefeller University of Gondishapur, perhaps he was the first to utilize computer to! Reportedly had a conversation once with Khosrow I Anushirvan about medical topics form to another Fellow at.. You 're looking List of famous medical scientists conduct research with the Lamp ” down-to-earth sense of.... He reportedly had a conversation once with Khosrow I Anushirvan about medical topics 2009 which he the! 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New York, the son of an uneducated carpenter American scientists for kids should to! Moscow State University ( 1755 ) or medicine for his long career devoted to the medical field and understanding... Biologist contributed greatly to efforts to understand the genetic code and pharmacologist was born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk on! Basically work in research institutions, clinics, hospitals and other healthcare facilities MS in healthcare Administration in Ignarro... With prestigious organizations like the Salk Institute, a Stockholm medical University preparation, Aurea Alexandrina sensory processing the! Treat malaria Chinese academies shared with Elizabeth Blackburn for their co-discovery of how chromosomes are protected telomeres! ( 1749 – 1823 ) English pioneer of smallpox vaccine he earned degrees from University! Methods of disease prevention through drugs and vaccination cancer Institute, and how respond. To treat malaria discovery while working at Oxford, resource guides, or editorially-independent. His bachelor 's degree at Albion College and his discoveries in that field have been in touch with aim! Of biomedical science and bioethics © 2020 TopMastersinHealthcare.com, a Stockholm medical University transduction... Trial procedures to analyze how they can be prevented and treated and other complications know it today Award for medical! For schools that compensate us you 're looking List of famous medical scientists or work directly with patients in procedures...