As per Vastu shastra, people believe that the ghee or oil in a diya signifies negativity in your mind and the wick symbolises the Atma or soul. In 2013, about ₹25 billion (US$350 million) of fireworks were sold to merchants for the Diwali season, an equivalent retail value of about ₹50 billion (US$700 million) according to The Times of India. The Origins of Diwali. Glue. [105], According to Tracy Pintchman, Dhanteras is a symbol of annual renewal, cleansing and an auspicious beginning for the next year. In English “diya” means “give”. It coincides with the day of Kali Chaudas. The women, in particular, adorn themselves in colourful attire and decorate their hands with henna. Step 4: Once they are completely dry, paint them with the colours of your choice. [13][126][127] After the puja, people go outside and celebrate by lighting up patakhe (fireworks) together, and then share a family feast and mithai (sweets, desserts). Give your diyas a more … Major temples and homes are decorated with lights, festive foods shared with all, friends and relatives remembered and visited with gifts. Diwali, also known as the festival of lights, is all about fireworks, shopping, gorging on sweets, remembering our customs and traditions, decorating the house and praying to Goddess Lakshmi. It is very spiritual in India and usually placed in the temple at the time of aarti. Words can't do justice to the sense of gratitude we have for our soldiers for their exemplary courage. Your Home Can be Elegant & Easy-to-maintain, This Gu... 5+ Exterior House Paint Ideas For a Striking Home Design, 10 Chandeliers That Are Just Perfect for Apartments, What are the Best Vastu Tips for This Diwali, How to Make Your Home Diwali-ready in 48 Hours, 6 Simple Vastu Tips to Design Your Pooja Room, Follow These 5 Vastu for Home Tips to Make Your Diwali Amazing, Stay on the Right Side of Vastu With These Tips. For some Hindus, it is a day to pray for the peace to the manes, or defiled souls of one's ancestors and light their way for their journeys in the cyclic afterlife. [121] Family members light up firecrackers, which some interpret as a way to ward off all evil spirits and the inauspicious, as well as add to the festive mood. [91] Depending on the region, celebrations include prayers before one or more Hindu deities, the most common being Lakshmi. [178] The tradition of annual Diwali fireworks has caused widespread coverage in Indian media, where debate has centred on air quality within Indian cities in autumn and winter and the role the fireworks play. The festival celebrates to rejoice Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after 14 years, upon being victorious against Ravana. Help is on the way! Historical records appear inconsistent about the name of the lunar month in which Diwali is observed. The day before Diwali is remembered as Naraka Chaturdasi, the day on which Narakasura was killed by Krishna. Confused about which to choose? [136], This day ritually celebrates the bond between the wife and husband,[139] and in some Hindu communities, husbands will celebrate this with gifts to their wives. Secondly this word “diya” can be used in the context of “mud lamp” the one we use to decorate our home on the auspicious festival Diwali. "This Diwali, let us also light a Diya as a #Salute2Soldiers who fearlessly protect our nation. [68][69][note 7] Examples include a 10th-century Rashtrakuta empire copper plate inscription of Krsna III (939–967 CE) that mentions Dipotsava,[70] and a 12th-century mixed Sanskrit-Kannada Sinda inscription discovered in the Isvara temple of Dharwad in Karnataka where the inscription refers to the festival as a "sacred occasion". Whether you welcome positive or negative energies into your home depends upon where you place your diya. Subhadra welcomes him with a tilaka on his forehead. [116] The term "chhoti" means little, while "Naraka" means hell and "Chaturdashi" means "fourteenth". Metals like brass are good conductors of positive energy. In the lead-up to Diwali, celebrants will prepare by cleaning, renovating, and decorating their homes and workplaces with diyas (oil lamps) and rangolis. The festivities vary between different regions. Vastu associates the tulsi plant with Goddess Lakshmi. [109][110] Many towns organise community parades and fairs with parades or music and dance performances in parks. According to Audrey Truschke, the Sunni Muslim emperor Aurangzeb did limit "public observation" of many religious holidays such as Hindu Diwali and Holi, but also of Shia observance of Muharram and the Persian holiday of Nauruz. According to Jethva and others, the post-monsoon custom is to prepare the crop fields by deliberately burning the residual stubble between October and November. Many participate in other socio-political events as a symbol of support for diversity and inclusiveness. You can also create other shapes if you want to add a contemporary twist to your diya. and for Diwali people decorate their houses, shops, streets with decorative lights and diyas. Like. We can’t keep calm as Diwali is just around the corner! An Akhand Diya or Akhand Jyot is an unbroken flame. [100][101][note 10], Diwali is not a festival for most Buddhists, with the exception of the Newar people of Nepal who revere various deities in the Vajrayana Buddhism and celebrate Diwali by offering prayers to Lakshmi. Diwali (English: /dɪˈwɑːliː/; Deepavali (IAST: dīpāvali) or Divali) is a festival of lights and one of the major festivals celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. [79], As per another popular tradition, in the Dvapara Yuga period, Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu, killed the demon Narakasura, who was evil king of Pragjyotishapura, near present-day Assam and released 16000 girls held captive by Narakasura. They install diyas, small earthen oil-filled lamps that they light up for the next five days, near Lakshmi and Ganesha iconography. [171], Every year during Diwali, Indian forces approach their Pakistani counterparts at the border bearing gifts of traditional Indian confectionery, a gesture that is returned in kind by the Pakistani soldiers who give Pakistani sweets to the Indian soldiers. [150][151][89], Diwali marks a major shopping period in India,[18] and is comparable to the Christmas period in terms of consumer purchases and economic activity. However, the focus of the Jain Diwali remains the dedication to Mahavira. [139] According to Kinsley, the ritual use of cow dung, a common fertiliser, is an agricultural motif and a celebration of its significance to annual crop cycles. (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies The Lacshmipuja dipanwita, remarked Jones, was a "great festival at night, in honor of Lakshmi, with illuminations on trees and houses". Each day has the following rituals and significance:[40], Dhanteras, derived from Dhan meaning wealth and teras meaning thirteenth, marks the thirteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kartik and the beginning of Diwali. He explained that though the actual Hindu festival day is the same, it is identified differently in regional calendars because there are two traditions in the Hindu calendar. Shop with confidence. Jan 31, 2020 - Explore Kids &Pretty Moms's board "Diwali wishes in Punjabi,English ,Hindi", followed by 141 people on Pinterest. and make your Diwali is the most memorable Deepavali – Happy Diwali. Diyas and clay pots are being moulded into Aurangabad's Kumbhar Galli. The Jain Diwali celebrated in many parts of India has similar practices to the Hindu Diwali, such as the lighting of lamps and the offering of prayers to Lakshmi. [16][82][83] Hindus from the Braj region in northern India, parts of Assam, as well as southern Tamil and Telugu communities view Diwali as the day the god Krishna overcame and destroyed the evil demon king Narakasura, in yet another symbolic victory of knowledge and good over ignorance and evil. Materials Required: Clay, a drying rack or tray, paint, paintbrush. [92] According to the Jain tradition, this practice of lighting lamps first began on the day of Mahavira's nirvana in 527 BCE,[note 9] when 18 kings who had gathered for Mahavira's final teachings issued a proclamation that lamps be lit in remembrance of the "great light, Mahavira". Keep the diyas lit throughout the night to ensure that darkness and negative spirits do not enter your home. Your handcrafted diya is ready! [180] The smoke from the burning of the fields is carried by seasonal winds over the floodplain, where it is inverted by the colder winds and spread throughout the region for much of the winter. [40], The artisan Hindu and Sikh community celebrates the fourth day as the Vishwakarma puja day. [43] The festival is an annual homecoming and bonding period not only for families,[41][108] but also for communities and associations, particularly those in urban areas, which will organise activities, events and gatherings. [29], Diwali is a five-day festival, the height of which is celebrated on the third day coinciding with the darkest night of the lunar month. By lighting the diya, you dispel negativity from your mind and soul. [180][181] As crop productivity per hectare has increased with mechanised harvesting, this has led to the practice becoming more widespread in the northern and northwestern regions of India in the months when Diwali is observed. [183] Other studies have stated that the fireworks of Diwali produce particulates and pollutants with a decay-life time of about one day. Lit diyas help to dispel the darkness of this night and radiate light. The word 'Deepawali' means rows of lighted lamps. A 2017 estimate states 50,000 tons (100 million pounds) of fireworks are exploded annually in India over the Diwali festival. [18][19][20], The five-day long festival originated in the Indian subcontinent and is mentioned in early Sanskrit texts. [123][92], The day after Diwali is the first day of the bright fortnight of the luni-solar calendar. [48] (According to Indologist Constance Jones, this night ends the lunar month of Ashwin and starts the month of Kartik[49] – but see this note[note 3] and Amanta and Purnima systems.) [144] On this day the womenfolk of the family gather, perform a puja with prayers for the well being of their brothers, then return to a ritual of feeding their brothers with their hands and receiving gifts. [106] A symbolic piece of traditional fertiliser, a dried piece of cow dung, is included in the ensemble in Odisha and Deccan region villages, an agricultural motif according to Kinsley. [105][40][81] On the evening of Dhanteras, families offer prayers (puja) to Lakshmi and Ganesha, and lay offerings of puffed rice, candy toys, rice cakes and batashas (hollow sugar cakes). Sometimes these are wrapped with edible silver foil (vark). When we give something to someone we call it “mene usko mera phone diya” 2. Diwali Essay in English in 500 Words . It is said that diya represents wisdom, enlightenment and knowledge. In addition, a diya that is lit all night is meant to show light and welcome in Lakshmi and Ganesha. [149][note 14] In the modern day, Diwali mela are held at college, or university, campuses or as community events by members of the Indian diaspora. Diwali Captions in English for Instagram “May the joyous and bright vibes of Diwali fill your home and heart with happiness. [43][44] The term is derived from the Sanskrit words dīpa, "lamp, light, lantern, candle, that which glows, shines, illuminates or knowledge"[45] and āvali, "a row, range, continuous line, series". Thus, begin lighting diyas after the Lakshmi puja to welcome her into your home. A sister ritually feeding her brother on Bhai Duj-Diwali. A few, notably the Mughal emperor Akbar, welcomed and participated in the festivities,[60][61] whereas others banned such festivals as Diwali and Holi, as Aurangzeb did in 1665. [91] According to Goldstein, these are then shaped into various forms, such as laddus, barfis, halwa, kachoris, shrikhand, and sandesh, rolled and stuffed delicacies, such as karanji, shankarpali, maladu, susiyam, pottukadalai. Happy Diwali.” “Wishing everyone a Diwali full of brightness of diyas and memories of joyous moments. These two festivals likely developed in tandem over their recent histories, states McDermott. Shopkeepers and small operations perform puja rituals in their office premises. [113] Some communities, particularly those active in Ayurvedic and health-related professions, pray or perform havan rituals to Dhanvantari on Dhanteras. [130] Vaishnava families recite Hindu legends of the victory of good over evil and the return of hope after despair on the Diwali night, where the main characters may include Rama, Krishna, Vamana or one of the avatars of Vishnu, the divine husband of Lakshmi. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. It most likely began as … [84][85], Trade and merchant families and others also offer prayers to Saraswati, who embodies music, literature and learning and Kubera, who symbolises book-keeping, treasury and wealth management. You can use a glass cover. This Diwali, let us also light a Diya as a Salute to Soldiers who fearlessly protect our nation. 101. [89] The telling of these myths are a reminder of the Hindu belief that good ultimately triumphs over evil. anyvector. 4K Resolution Stock Footage Video [164][note 16], Many governments encourage or sponsor Diwali-related festivities in their territories. It is an official holiday in a dozen countries, while the other festive days are regionally observed as either public or optional restricted holidays in India. So we decided to make this Diwali away from family a little easier for you by giving you a crash course on everything related to Diwali and a Diwali diya! Welcome wealth into your life, keep diyas facing north or northeast. Now that you know the Vastu rules behind Diwali diya lighting, you can go ahead and get yourself some exquisite diyas. Diwali is the Indian festival of lights, usually lasting five days and celebrated during the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November). One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, Diwali symbolizes the spiritual "victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance". A variety of sweets are prepared using flour, semolina, rice, chickpea flour, dry fruit pieces powders or paste, milk solids (mawa or khoya) and clarified butter (ghee). 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