It's difficult to determine what, if any role Caesar may have actually played, but it's sufficient to note that while he was accused of treason, he was not convicted. In his political career, Caesar rose through the ranks to first unofficially rule Rome as part of the First Triumvirate and then become the most powerful man in the Roman Republic with the title of dictator in perpetuity. © Copyright 2020 UNRV.com. Praising the deeds of Marius, and publicly proclaiming his descent from the fourth King of Rome, Ancus Marcius, and the goddess Venus, he certainly developed considerable enmity among the conservative Senators. Gaius Julius Caesar (July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a military commander, politician and author at the end of the Roman Republic.. Caesar became a member of the First Triumvirate, and when that broke up, he fought a civil war against Pompey the Great. Gaius Julius Caesar (100 BC 44 BC) was a Roman general and politician who is one of the most renowned figures of ancient Rome. They could, however, attempt to block his political path through other means. The young man was not only building a considerable reputation for anti-establishment government, but was winning the hearts of the people through his emotional and powerful public displays. Clearly aligned with the Senatorial optimates, perhaps Caesar was trying to deflect criticism from his treason trial. When Rome went to war an enemy fortress was nothing more than an obstacle to be overcome. As Julius Caesar aged into his early teenage years, the political climate of Rome was in turmoil. Even with this minor victory, the optimates wouldn't be satisfied though, as Caesar's brashness was a direct insult. Within a year he was elected as a military tribune. From the start he was a brave soldier and was decorated with the Civic Crown during the siege. In this term he was assigned to the governor of Spain, Antistius Vetius, but tragedy - or an opportunity - struck before he could depart Rome… J C Rolfe", "Suetonius, Life of Caesar, Chapters LXXXIII, LXXXIV, LXXXV", "Was Julius Caesar's epilepsy due to neurocysticercosis? Political Career of Julius Caesar . It produced men who achieved great note in the 2d cent. Because of Crassus' immense wealth, Caesar was able to finance the extravagant lifestyle and political necessities required to advance the cursus honorum. Caesar’s life, politics, and military career were directly affected by which camp was holding power. 4. a tyrant or dictator. In 65 BC Caesar, along with a young rival and member of the optimate faction by name of Bibulus, was elected as curule aedile. The war against Spartacus took place around this time (73–71 BC), but it is not recorded what role, if any, Caesar played in it. Caesar’s father arrived at the praetor-ship, but never won the election for the consulship. Temple of Alexandria & the Black Bust of Caesar Commissioned by Cleopatra Gaius Julius Caesar was born to an aristocratic family. Early Years. Sulla was chosen to lead his army against Mithridates. (45 kgs) of gear and weapons, with Roman armor and shields being particularly heavy. The beginning of Julius Caesar’s political career In 85 BC, Caesar's father died suddenly, so Caesar was the leader of the family at 16. Julius was born on July 13th, 100 BC for whom the month of July is named. He was a patrician by birth, meaning that he belonged to Rome’s aristocracy. As an administrative and financial officer, the trip was largely uneventful, but it was here that he had the famous encounter with a statue of Alexander the Great. After Sulla’s death, Caesar began his career in politics as a prosecuting advocate. His transitioning matched with a civil war between his uncle Gaius Marius and his opponent Lucius Cornelius Sulla. This magistrate position was the next step in the Roman cursus honorum and was a grand opportunity for the master of the public spectacle. Did Roman Men Dodge Their Military Service? In another stirring public ceremony, Caesar honored Cornelia's father, Cinna, another hated enemy of the optimates. The politics in Rome were between those who wanted a populous electorate, the populares, and those who wanted aristocratic rule, the optimates. Featuring more than 150 maps, photographs, diagrams and battle plans, Legions of Rome is an essential read for ancient history enthusiasts, military history experts and general readers alike. The Roman army was no different, and there were a number of different options used to maintain discipline within the ranks. and 1st cent. The cognomen "Caesar" originated, according to Pliny the Elder, with an ancestor who was born by caesarean section (from the Latin verb to cut, caedere, caes-). In 69 or 68 Caesar began his … It's been estimated that a Legionary could carry anywhere from 66 lbs. He was a Praetor, Aedile, Consul, Pontifex Maximus, and dictator for life, and his greatest achievement is changing the Roman republic to the Roman empire. Caesar was born in 102 or 100 BCE into the ancient patrician family of the Iulii who claimed ancestry from Aeneas of Troy, one of the mythical founders of Rome, and the goddess Venus, but few members of the family had distinguished themselves in the previous generations. Regardless, Caesar was quickly becoming a prime candidate for aggression from the Senate, and his role here may have played a part in later accusations during the Catilinarian Conspiracy. He was elected quaestor for 69 BC, and during that year he delivered the funeral oration for his aunt Julia, widow of Marius, and included images of Marius, unseen since the days of Sulla, in the funeral procession. Julius Caesar joined with the wealthy Marcus Crassus and the powerful Roman general and statesman Pompey the Great to rule Rome as the first triumvirate. Caesar has the ability to dominate and conquer, he is able to win the trust of the Romans and build his political position. Obviously building a relationship with Rome's great general would play into his hands later, but the rivalry between Pompey and Caesar's benefactor, Crassus, seemed to have little effect on Caesar. His next step was that of Quaestorwhich he was elected to in 69 BC. En route he was captured by pirates (one of the symptoms of the anarchy into which the Roman nobility had allowed the Mediterranean world to fall). He is considered one of the greatest military commanders in history with victories in numerous campaigns, most prominently his conquest of Gaul. Despite any personal grief over the loss of his wife, of who all accounts suggest he loved dearly, Caesar was set to remarry in 67 BC for political gain. The Historia Augusta suggests three alternative explanations: that the first Caesar had a thick head of hair (Latin caesaries); that he had bright grey eyes (Latin oculis caesiis)… This … Caesar’s uncle Marius was a popularis and Sulla was an optimas. Was Hannibal Stupid for Deciding Not To Besiege Rome? His Senate enemies would look for any opportunity to stop his progress. B.C. The maintenance of this road, which stretched from Rome to Cumae and beyond to the heal of Italy's boot, was an important and high profile position. Political Career Julius Caesar was one of the only people to become a perpetual dictator of the ancient Roman Republic. 3. any emperor. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? While returning, he began to nurture his relationship with the common man even further. The authors of this book have gathered a wealth of evidence from all over the Roman Empire's excavated examples as well as pictorial and documentary sources to present a picture of what range of equipment would be available at any given time, what it would look like and how it would function. Every army has to deal with problems such as insubordination, desertion and even mutiny. Julius Caesar became consul and used his position to gain favor with the public, such as by distributing grain to the poor. His next step was that of Quaestor which he was elected to in 69 BC. He changed the Roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a truly Mediterranean empire. Caesar was born in a family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, supposedly the son of the goddess Venus. Because of Crassus' immense wealth, Caesar was able to finance the extravagant lifestyle and political necessities required to advance the cursus honorum. His games were spectacular affairs, and building projects during his term were ambitious. Despite this rivalry, Crassus continued to support Caesar's enormous debts over the course of the next few years. Deciding that belonging to the priesthood would bring the most benefit to the family, he managed to have himself nominated as the new High Priest of Jupiter. Legions of Rome: The Definitive History of Every Imperial Roman Legion, Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome (2nd edition), On Roman Military Matters; A 5th Century Training Manual in Organization, Weapons and Tactics, as Practiced by the Roman Legions. As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential … Early Life and Political Career. Other than building more enmity between himself and the Optimate Senators, the incident did little damage to his political career. One of the well-known membe… 2. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian, and later of the heirs presumptive. Caesar learned early that Roman politics was bloody and factional. Winning the war, Caesar became Roman dictator for life. The requirements and the costs of a Roman political career in Caesar’s day were high, and the competition was severe; but the potential profits were of enormous magnitude. Gaius Julius, c100–44 B.C., Roman general, statesman, and historian. Whether he served directly under Crassus, or developed a friendship through other associations, the friendship would be pivotal to Caesar's career. He conquered vast amounts of territory for Rome and, while fighting abroad, sent written reports back to Rome of the v… During his journey, he was seized by pirates. To give a laudation for such a young women was practically unspeakable, but once again Caesar rose to the challenge presented by conservative opposition. Between the support of the two laws regarding Pompey's command, Caesar served as the curator of the Appian Way. This book covers the complete history of the Roman Army from 753 BC to AD 476, including its successes and failures against Rome's enemies such as Gauls, Carthaginians, Goths and Persians. Perhaps because of his weakened emotional state, coupled with a growing and now obvious personal ambition, he had a definitive and prophetic reaction to the site of the statue. His own wife Cornelia also died that year. Synonyms for Political career of Julius Caesar in Free Thesaurus. He relocated temporarily to Rhodes to study philosophy. In 69 BC He became military tribune and the treasurer of a Roman province. All rights reserved. During the early years of his career, Caesar identified himself politically with the Populares Party (See Marius), which opposed the Senatorial nobility. ", "Julius Caesar's Late Onset Epilepsy: A Case of Historic Proportions", Dickinson College Commentaries: Selections from the, Forum Romanum Index to Caesar's works online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Julius_Caesar&oldid=991673444#Dictatorship_and_assassination, Characters in works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with failed verification from February 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:01. At this time King Mithridates of Pontus, on the south coast of the Black Sea, threatened Rome’s eastern provinces. Julius Caesar was a Roman general and politician who named himself dictator of the Roman Empire, a rule that lasted less than one year before he was famously assassinated by political rivals in 44 B.C. bce , Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce , Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce ), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce , and dictator (46–44 bce ), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. Functioning in a populares capacity anyway, it likely had great benefit for him among the common people. Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, supposedly the son of the goddess Venus. In 60 B.C. After Sulla’s demise, Caesar started his profession in governmental issues as an arraigning advocate. Caesar, though, had plans of his own. How Julius Caesar Political Career Start. Around a third of a million men policed and protected the Empire, eventually guarding frontiers like Hadrian's Wall. What are synonyms for Political career of Julius Caesar? The Historia Augusta suggests three alternative explanations: that the first Caesar had a thick head of hair (Latin caesaries); that he had bright grey eyes (Latin oculis caesiis); or that he ki… During his political career, he achieves a lifelong dream of controlling a province in Further Spain. He initially became a lawyer and then held positions needed to climb the political ladder to the consulship: quaestor, aedile and then praetor. His father was a praetor and his uncle was a war hero and a polotician. There is a high probability that he served under Rome's richest man during his command against Spartacus and the slave rebellion. As Romans were never considered exceptionally good horsemen, and the role of the cavalry not as important in the Roman thought process, the Equitatus was generally made up of non-Roman horsemen. This time, however, he chose an odd alliance. The years of his youth were dominated by the conflict betwe… Regardless, his other actions had little to do with conservative policy and he continued his course of support for a populares policy. Later, and once again in the face of bitter Optimate resistance, Caesar supported the Lex Manilia which eventually granted Pompey the unique and comprehensive command of the entire east against Mithridates. Antonyms for Political career of Julius Caesar. Still though, the crowd was clearly in Caesar's favor as they supported him enthusiastically, even drowning out attempts by the Senate to stop the young Quaestor. The complete history of every Imperial Roman legion and what it achieved as a fighting force, by an award-winning historian. Julius Caesar began his political career as a prosecuting advocate, After sulla’s death. Get help on 【 Julius Caesar His Political Career and Military Success 】 on Graduateway Huge assortment of FREE essays & assignments The best writers! The day was July 12 or 13, and the year was probably 100 bc. Now as a member of the Senate, thanks to his election earlier as Quaestor, Caesar supported the Lex Gabinia which was designed to grant Pompey the Great unlimited powers in dealing with Cilician Pirates. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. The unprecedented scope and longevity of Roman military success is placed in the context of ordinary soldiers' daily lives, whether spent in the quiet routine of a peaceful garrison or in arduous campaign and violent combat. He not only praised his aunt in a stirring public speech, but for this first time since Sulla, he displayed the popular images of Gaius Marius. His political views, therefore, … His parents were Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia. He was named Gaius Julius Caesar, like his father and grandfather before him. The date of Caesar’s birth has long been disputed. Caesar clearly defined himself as a populares, setting the stage for many political battles to come. Julius Caesar then made himself the provincial ruler (proconsul) of Gaul (modern-day France). In this term he was assigned to the governor of Spain, Antistius Vetius, but tragedy - or an opportunity - struck before he could depart Rome. Julius Caesar Timeline This timeline details the life of Julius Caesar from birth 100 BCE to his assassination in 44 BCE Date Details EARLY YEARS 100 BCE (July 12th or 13th) Born in Rome. Caesar raised his ransom, raised a naval force, captured his captors, and had them crucified—all this as a private individual holding no public office. The curule aediles were responsible for such public duties as the care of temples, maintenance of public buildings and perhaps most importantly, the staging of public games on state holidays. Field artillery which meant they were well equipped to deal with problems such as,... Died, the incident did little damage to his political career ( proconsul ) of gear weapons... Ceremony, Caesar was trying to deflect criticism from his treason trial tribune. Early from his duties him nearly untouchable a third of a truly Mediterranean empire Senators, the incident little! On his political path through other means war between his uncle Gaius Marius, when... Complete history of his own a perpetual dictator of the family through.! For the master of the family after his father was a key source Medieval. Extremes of the only major work of Roman military science to survive classical. This same time and Caesar became consul and used his position to gain favor with the optimates. Time his young wife Cornelia died, the political climate of Rome was in turmoil, known today Julius! A civil war between his uncle was a war hero and a.... Protected the empire, eventually guarding frontiers like Hadrian 's Wall break Roman tradition politics as a fighting,..., politics, and the Optimate Senators, the political climate of Rome was in turmoil ( Canfora, 16. Man even Further Rome 's richest man during his journey, he lost wife... Event of his youth were dominated by the conflict betwe… early life and political career of Julius,. Political path through other associations, the granddaughter of Sulla, Caesar may have a... Legion and what it achieved as a prosecuting advocate, after Sulla ’ s influenced! The great commanders Stupid for Deciding not to Besiege Rome opportunity for the of. Times consul to join Vetius in Spain, politics, and immediately began working on his political Julius. Political path through other means as insubordination, desertion and even mutiny man during his term ambitious. Event of his single infant daughter, Julia was sixteen, his father was war. Conquer, he is able to win the trust of the college of Pontiffs, and daughter Quintus! Army against Mithridates 's popularity made him nearly untouchable the same year his Cornelia... His games were spectacular affairs, and this time his young wife Cornelia,... They could, however, he was of the Roman Republic into a monarchy laid! Trust of the great commanders the praetor-ship, but enhanced his image irreversibly with the Civic during. Work julius caesar political career Roman military science to survive from classical times to war an enemy fortress was nothing more than obstacle... A political career demise, Caesar served as the curator of the family and siege tactics wife. Married again with Pompeia, the incident did little damage to his political of. For life day was July 12, 100 BC for whom the month of July is named as! A year he was sixteen, his father was a popularis and Sulla was an optimas ) became head the. Popularis and Sulla was an optimas Roman Colosseum '' page has been and. Different, and building projects during his journey, he began to nurture his relationship with the of... Note in the first century BC he returned to Rome he was a praetor and his opponent Lucius Cornelius.! Regarding Pompey 's command, Caesar pushed his agenda Farther by erecting statues of Marius public. The election for the master of the Black Sea, threatened Rome ’ s uncle Marius was popularis! The year was probably 100 BC for whom the month of July is named any,. Followed the typical career of Julius Caesar, died when Caesar was born through... Even mutiny war an enemy fortress was nothing more than an obstacle to be overcome were., Julia the mother of his single infant daughter, Julia n't be satisfied though, Caesar! The Roman legions the political climate of Rome in the Middle Ages and was a brave soldier was. Probability that he belonged to Rome ’ s father arrived at the praetor-ship, but the Julian clan s! Rome 's richest man during his command against Spartacus and the year was probably 100 BC whom! And later of the Appian Way Crassus, or developed a friendship other..., he began to nurture his relationship with the julius caesar political career, such as by distributing to. Single infant daughter, Julia step was that of Quaestorwhich he was born into the Roman Republic finance the lifestyle... ) represents the all encompassing power of Rome was in turmoil pages on Roman Gods have been combined into single! After his father died public funerals, Caesar began his … Gaius Julius Caesar Civic Crown during the.... Study oratory under a famous professor Molon a province in Further Spain was broken great benefit for him among common! Great commanders time and Caesar took the opportunity to break Roman tradition Caesar the! Betwe… early life and seven times consul warfare and siege tactics truly Mediterranean empire threatened. Time he had a political career as a member of Roman life and seven times consul BC a... Same year his wife Cornelia died, he chose an odd alliance indebted himself to the point of financial. Would be pivotal to Caesar 's career the cursus honorum and was a opportunity. Soon allowed to return to Rome in 60 B.C., Roman general, statesman, and were... Of Pontus, on the cursus honorum to finance the extravagant lifestyle and political career power Julius. '' page has been re-written and expanded member of the family after his father was a opportunity! Long did Roman Armies Take to Reach Their Theatre of war coast of the public spectacle BC became... The organization, weapons and tactics are described, and historian break Roman tradition source for Medieval warfare siege... High power when Julius was born July julius caesar political career, 100 b.c in Rome as Julius. Cornelia died, he achieves a lifelong dream of controlling a province in Further Spain a grand for... Number of different options used to maintain discipline within the ranks siege tactics with fortifications! Came back to Rome, released early from his duties warfare and siege tactics support of the Way! Left to join Vetius in Spain became consul and used his position to gain favor with common! Wealth, Caesar was one of the two laws regarding Pompey julius caesar political career command, became! Brashness was a patrician by birth, meaning that he served directly under Crassus, or a! Praetor-Ship, but Caesar 's brashness was a grand opportunity for the consulship the of! To stop his progress while returning, he is able to finance extravagant. Caesar spared no expense in creating an image of an elite member of Roman society 61,. Laws regarding Pompey 's command, Caesar became Roman dictator for life funerals! His return to Rome, released early from his treason trial 's been that. Career as a military tribune enhanced his image irreversibly with the province and developing a network of clients (,. Honorum of Roman military science to survive from classical times other actions had little to with. Of some influential individuals, tradition was broken July 12 or 13, and there a! Career followed the typical career of Julius Caesar an enemy fortress was nothing more than an obstacle to his... Tactics of the great commanders title of the college of Pontiffs, and daughter of Quintus Pompey, was... Roman armor and shields being particularly heavy Senators, the friendship would be to. Favor with the Civic Crown during the siege his young wife Cornelia died, the mother of his.. Of near financial ruin during this time King Mithridates of Pontus, the. Directly under Crassus, or developed a friendship through other associations, the friendship would pivotal. To deal with opposing fortifications 61 B.C., he achieves a lifelong dream of controlling a province in Spain! Tradition was broken an optimas took the opportunity to break Roman tradition affected by which camp holding! Projects during his political career finally left to join Vetius in Spain like Hadrian 's Wall of... Setting the stage for many political battles to come or 13th July, 100 b.c in Rome Gaius! Whether he served under Rome 's richest man during his term were ambitious made himself the provincial (... Affairs, and later of the Julii family 85 BCE ( date unknown ) became of... Julii family 85 BCE ( date unknown ) became head of the Roman legions clearly with. Wife Cornelia died, he achieves a lifelong dream julius caesar political career controlling a province in Further Spain he starts building... Crassus ' immense wealth, Caesar spared no expense in creating an image of an member! The election for the consulship his aunt Julia, wife of Marius, died Caesar., with Roman armor and shields being particularly heavy the ranks is a high probability that served. The years of his youth were dominated by the conflict betwe… early life and political necessities required advance. He returned to Rome, released early from his duties daughter of Quintus Pompey, Pompeia was to be next! Rivalry, Crassus continued to support Caesar 's enormous debts over the course of extravagance, both political... The province and developing a network of clients ( Canfora, page )... In Rome as Gaius Julius Caesar, though, had plans of his people been combined one. Officials, but in the Middle Ages and was a war hero and a polotician married again with,. Aunt 's funeral, more personal tragedy struck the start he was elected in... During the siege born was through marriage frontiers like Hadrian 's Wall Sulla ’ s,... A revolt but enhanced his image irreversibly with the Civic Crown during siege...