In theory, there should be two spaces between the period at the end of a sentence and an ellipsis (i.e., after "dog."). The square brackets around [r] and [them] indicate that these are the writer's modifications and do not appear in the original source text. I put another period at the end when the ellipsis is a sentence, because my understanding is that the ellipsis represents only the missing words. Place parenthetical citation according to your style guide (usually after the period following the last sentence of the quote). The point is: once a quote becomes unusually lengthy it is formatted as a block quote. Long quotes in essays are red flags for teachers. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Avoid Long Quotes. Suppose the full sentence from which your quotation is taken is from Henry Fielding’s Tom Jones: For a direct quotation, always include a full citation (parenthetical or narrative) in the same sentence as the quotation, including the page number (or other location information, e.g., paragraph number).Place a parenthetical citation either immediately after the quotation or at the end of the sentence. NB. Ellipsis at the Beginning of a Quotation By Michael Kandel. When omitting part of a quote, make sure that you are not misrepresenting what the author is saying – if you miss out too much of a quote… Simply enclose the entire quote with double quotation marks and include the name of the original author and page reference information somewhere in the text. Most of our primary style guides agree that ellipses are usually unnecessary at the end of a quoted sentence. A closely related question is Quotations that skip paragraphs. For quotations within that quotation, use normal quotation marks, not single ones. This rule isn’t just for speech. It doesn’t matter if it is an amazing quote. How to use Quotes in an Essay 1. There’s a simple rule to follow here: don’t use a quote that is longer than one line. If you wish to omit part of a quote, you can do this by using three dots (…) to indicate where the omission has occurred. There is no absolute rule as to what constitutes a "lengthy quote" - some teachers say a quote is lengthy if it exceeds four or five typed lines; others, if it exceeds forty words or four sentences. Quotation marks are used only with direct quotes. Do not use quotation marks at the beginning or end of the block quote—the indentation is what indicates that it’s a quote. A short quote is defined as having four or fewer typed lines, citing this type of quote is easy. Follow up a block quotation with your own words. (But beware: there are exceptions, which are explained below.) In fact, four word quotes are usually best. General Rule: With the exception of MLA style, ellipses are discouraged at the end of a quoted sentence unless they are necessary for reader comprehension. I can think of three. The first sentence contains a direct quote, a quote in which you report the exact words John used. Following the advice there, I might also solve this with the example below, although I'm not sure it applies well to mid-paragraph sentence … you might want to skip 1.5 times the line-spacing you are using in the document before you begin the quotation and after it. This is optional and depends on the style preferred by your instructor. In Example 1, in order for the direct quotation to fit into the writer's sentence, the capitalized letter at the beginning of the quote and the pronoun at the end need to be changed. Remember to include the relevant citation information in your Works Cited page. 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